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Bioaugmentation of chlorothalonil-contaminated soil with hydrolytically or reductively dehalogenating strain and its effect on soil microbial community

Xu, Xi-Hui, Liu, Xiao-Mei, Zhang, Long, Mu, Yang, Zhu, Xu-Yuan, Fang, Jing-Ya, Li, Shun-Peng, Jiang, Jian-Dong
Journal of hazardous materials 2018 v.351 pp. 240-249
Massilia, bioaugmentation, chlorothalonil, half life, inoculum, microbiome, pesticide application, pollutants, polluted soils, soil microorganisms
Although bioaugmentation of pollutant-contaminated sites is a great concern, there are few reports on the relationships among indigenous microbial consortia, exogenous inocula, and pollutants in a bioaugmentation process. In this study, bioaugmentation with Pseudochrobactrum sp. BSQ1 and Massilia sp. BLM18, which can hydrolytically and reductively dehalogenate chlorothalonil (TPN), respectively, was studied for its ability to remove TPN from soil; the alteration of the soil microbial community during the bioaugmentation process was investigated. The results showed that TPN (50 mg/kg) was completely removed in both bioaugmentation treatments within 35 days with half-lives of 6.8 and 9.8 days for strains BSQ1 and BLM18 respectively. In high concentration of TPN-treated soils (100 mg/kg), the bioaugmentation with strains BSQ1 and BLM18 respectively reduced 76.7% and 62.0% of TPN within 35 days. The TPN treatment significantly decreased bacterial richness and diversity and improved the growth of bacteria related to the elimination of chlorinated organic pollutants. However, little influence on soil microbial community was observed for each inoculation treatment (without TPN treatment), showing that TPN treatment is the main force for the shift in indigenous consortia. This study provides insights into the effects of halogenated fungicide application and bioaugmentation on indigenous soil microbiomes.