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CLA-producing adjunct cultures improve the nutritional value of sheep cheese fat
- Renes, E., Gómez-Cortés, P., de la Fuente, M.A., Linares, D.M., Tornadijo, M.E., Fresno, J.M.
- Food research international 2019 v.116 pp. 819-826
- Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus plantarum, cheese ripening, conjugated linoleic acid, fatty acid composition, gas chromatography, nutritive value, sensory properties, sheep cheese, vaccenic acid
- The influence of the autochthonous CLA-producing Lactobacillus plantarum TAUL 1588 and Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei SS 1644 strains and the ripening time on the fatty acid (FA) content and sensory characteristics of sheep cheese were investigated. Three cheese types with different cultures and the control cheese were produced in duplicate and ripened for 8 months. 86 individual FA were determined by gas chromatography. Ripening time (2, 90, 180 and 240 days) did not have a significant effect (P > .05) on the FA content. However, the presence of both Lactobacillus CLA-producing strains led to a decrease of the saturated FA content and to 1.30, 1.19 and 1.27 times higher levels of vaccenic acid, CLA and omega-3, respectively, when compared to the control cheese. This combination allowed obtaining sheep milk cheeses with a healthier FA content, without appreciable changes on sensory characteristics. This work could be a promising approach to increase the bioactive fatty acid content of cheeses.