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Canine leishmaniasis associated with pericardial effusion in a 4-year-old dog
- Sebastián-Marcos, P., Santarelli, G., Gómez, S., Palacio, M. J. Fernández-del
- Journal of veterinary cardiology 2019 v.23 pp. 32-37
- Leishmania, allopurinol, amastigotes, clinical examination, crossbreds, dogs, echocardiography, histology, leishmaniasis, pericardial effusion, pericarditis, pericardium, surgery
- A 4-year-old crossbreed dog presented with a two-day history of lethargy and abdominal effusion. Physical examination and echocardiography revealed pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade. Pericardiocentesis was performed. Intracytoplasmic Leishmania amastigotes were found on cytological examination of the pericardial fluid. The animal was treated with N-methylglucamine antimoniate and allopurinol. After an initial favorable response, cardiac tamponade reoccurred one month later. The dog died during a pericardiectomy four months after the initial diagnosis. Histology confirmed the presence of chronic pericarditis. The presence of Leishmania amastigotes on cytological examination of pericardial effusion suggests a possible association between canine leishmaniasis and chronic pericarditis. This finding also supports the importance of cytological examination of pericardial fluid in areas endemic for canine leishmaniasis.