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Improved cellulosic ethanol production from corn stover with a low cellulase input using a β-glucosidase-producing yeast following a dry biorefining process

Geberekidan, Mesfin, Zhang, Jian, Liu, Z. Lewis, Bao, Jie
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering 2019 v.42 no.2 pp. 297-304
Clavispora, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, beta-glucosidase, bioethanol, bioreactors, biorefining, corn stover, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, enzymatic hydrolysis, ethanol, ethanol fermentation, ethanol production, glucans, industrial applications, lignocellulose, liquid state fermentation, mixing, saccharification, yeasts
A low-cost and sustainable cellulosic ethanol production is vital for fermentation-based industrial applications. Reducing the expenses of cellulose-deconstruction enzymes is one of the significant challenges to economic cellulose-to-ethanol conversion. Here, we report the improved ethanol production from corn stover after dry biorefining using a natural β-glucosidase-producing strain Clavispora NRRL Y-50464 with a low cellulase dose of 5 mg protein/g glucan under separate enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) conditions. Strain Clavispora NRRL Y-50464 exhibited a superior ethanol fermentation performance over Saccharomyces cerevisiae DQ1 under both conditions. It produced an ethanol titer of 38.1 g/L within 96 h at a conversion efficiency of 55.5% with 25% solids loading (w/w) via SSF without addition of extra β-glucosidase supplement. Improved performance of Y-50464 on a bioreactor with a helical stirring apparatus confirmed its advantage over the conventional bioreactors originally designed for liquid fermentations in cellulosic ethanol conversion by SSF. The results of this study suggested that the strain Clavispora NRRL Y-50464 has a potential as a candidate for lower-cost cellulosic ethanol production from lignocellulosic materials.