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The effect of integrative crop management on root growth and methane emission of paddy rice

Author:
Zhang, Hao, Liu, Hailang, Hou, Danping, Zhou, Yilei, Liu, Mengzhu, Wang, Zhiqin, Liu, Lijun, Gu, Junfei, Yang, Jianchang
Source:
The crop journal 2019
ISSN:
2214-5141
Subject:
Oryza sativa, acetic acids, biomass, crop management, farmers, fertilizer application, field experimentation, grain yield, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, hemorrhage, methane, nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizers, oxidation, paddies, rice, root exudates, root growth, roots, shoots, spikelets, surface area
Abstract:
In previous studies, integrative crop management (ICM) improved shoot growth and grain yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.). However, little is known about the effect of ICM on root growth and methane (CH4) emission of paddy rice. In this study, two rice varieties, Wuyunjing 24 and Yongyou 2640, were grown. A field experiment was conducted with three crop management treatments including zero nitrogen fertilization (0N), local farmer practice (LFP), and ICM. Root morphophysiological traits and CH4 emission from the paddy field were investigated. ICM significantly increased mean grain yield by 29.9%, with the effect attributed mainly to an increase in mean total number of spikelets by 26.4% compared to LFP. ICM increased root and shoot biomass, root length, number of roots, root oxidation activity (ROA), root bleeding rate, and root total and active absorbing surface area by respectively 24.4%, 25.7%, 17.1%, 9.3%, 18.7%, 29.5%, 12.1%, and 24.7%. The concentrations of malic, succinic, and acetic acids in root exudates were respectively 5.8%, 6.0%, and 10.5% higher in ICM than in LFP. Compared to LFP, ICM significantly decreased the rate of CH4 emission during emission peak stages and reduced total CH4 emission by 17.1%. The root morphophysiological traits were positively and significantly correlated with grain yield, whereas root length, specific root length, ROA, and root total and active absorbing surface area were negatively and significantly correlated with total CH4 emission. These results suggest that ICM could achieve the dual goals of increasing grain yield and reducing the greenhouse gas effect by improving the root morphology and physiological traits of paddy rice.
Agid:
6299203