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Oral administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG to newborn piglets augments gut barrier function in pre-weaning piglets

Wang, Yang, Gong, Li, Wu, Yan-ping, Cui, Zhi-wen, Wang, Yong-qiang, Huang, Yi, Zhang, Xiao-ping, Li, Wei-fen
Journal of Zhejiang University 2019 v.20 no.2 pp. 180-192
Bacteroidetes, Fusobacteria, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Toll-like receptors, absorption barrier, antimicrobial peptides, chemokines, diarrhea, intestinal mucosa, jejunum, neonates, oral administration, permeability, piglets, probiotics, skim milk, weaning weight, weight gain
To understand the effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (ATCC 53103) on intestinal barrier function in pre-weaning piglets under normal conditions, twenty-four newborn littermate piglets were randomly divided into two groups. Piglets in the control group were orally administered with 2 mL 0.1 g/mL sterilized skim milk while the treatment group was administered the same volume of sterilized skim milk with the addition of viable L. rhamnosus at the 1st, 3rd, and 5th days after birth. The feeding trial was conducted for 25 d. Results showed that piglets in the L. rhamnosus group exhibited increased weaning weight and average daily weight gain, whereas diarrhea incidence was decreased. The bacterial abundance and composition of cecal contents, especially Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Fusobacteria, were altered by probiotic treatment. In addition, L. rhamnosus increased the jejunal permeability and promoted the immunologic barrier through regulating antimicrobial peptides, cytokines, and chemokines via Toll-like receptors. Our findings indicate that oral administration of L. rhamnosus GG to newborn piglets is beneficial for intestinal health of pre-weaning piglets by improving the biological, physical, and immunologic barriers of intestinal mucosa.