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Sensitive and rapid detection of aliphatic amines in water using self-stabilized micelles of fluorescent block copolymers
- Zhou, Yusheng, Gao, Haiyang, Zhu, Fangming, Ge, Mingliang, Liang, Guodong
- Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.368 pp. 630-637
- amines, aqueous solutions, composite polymers, dispersibility, hydrophobic bonding, hydrophobicity, micelles, rapid methods, water solubility
- A kind of self-stabilized micelles of fluorescent block copolymers are constructed for rapid and sensitive detection of aliphatic amines in water based on capture-report strategy. An amphiphilic triblock copolymer functionalized with aggregation induced emission (AIE) chromophores self assembles into micelles with core-shell structures in aqueous solution. Hydrophobic AIE chromophores organize into cores, where hydrophobic interaction among the AIE chromophores inhibits the micelles from disassembling. The cores of AIE chromophores are surrounded by a corona of water-soluble polymer segments, endowing the micelles with superior dispersibility in water. Water-soluble polymer segments capture organic amines in water due to preferential hydrophobic interactions between them. The enriched amines in the corona subsequently diffuse into hydrophobic cores of micelles, quenching fluorescence of the AIE chromophores. The fluorescent micelles allow rapid detection of aliphatic amines in the order of seconds at a concentration as low as 8 μg/L.