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Randomized, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled phase II trial of nanocurcumin in prostate cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy

Saadipoor, Afshin, Razzaghdoust, Abolfazl, Simforoosh, Nasser, Mahdavi, Arash, Bakhshandeh, Mohsen, Moghadam, Maryam, Abdollahi, Hamid, Mofid, Bahram
Phytotherapy research 2019 v.33 no.2 pp. 370-378
curcumin, cystitis, patients, prostatic neoplasms, radiotherapy, randomized clinical trials
Clinical potential of curcumin in radiotherapy (RT) setting is outstanding and of high interest. The main purpose of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to assess the beneficial role of nanocurcumin to prevent and/or mitigate radiation‐induced proctitis in prostate cancer patients undergoing RT. In this parallel‐group study, 64 eligible patients with prostate cancer were randomized to receive either oral nanocurcumin (120 mg/day) or placebo 3 days before and during the RT course. Acute toxicities including proctitis and cystitis were assessed weekly during the treatment and once thereafter using CTCAE v.4.03 grading criteria. Baseline‐adjusted hematologic nadirs were also analyzed and compared between the two groups. The patients undergoing definitive RT were followed to evaluate the tumor response. Nanocurcumin was well tolerated. Radiation‐induced proctitis was noted in 18/31 (58.1%) of the placebo‐treated patients versus 15/33 (45.5%) of nanocurcumin‐treated patients (p = 0.313). No significant difference was also found between the two groups with regard to radiation‐induced cystitis, duration of radiation toxicities, hematologic nadirs, and tumor response. In conclusion, this RCT was underpowered to indicate the efficacy of nanocurcumin in this clinical setting but could provide a considerable new translational insight to bridge the gap between the laboratory and clinical practice.