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Structural Analysis of Monoclonal Antibodies by Ultrahigh Resolution MALDI In-Source Decay FT-ICR Mass Spectrometry
- van der Burgt, Yuri E.M., Kilgour, David P. A., Tsybin, Yury O., Srzentić, Kristina, Fornelli, Luca, Beck, Alain, Wuhrer, Manfred, Nicolardi, Simone
- Analytical chemistry 2018 v.91 no.3 pp. 2079-2085
- absorption, amino acid sequences, glycosylation, manufacturing, mass spectrometry, monoclonal antibodies, proteomics, quality control, therapeutics
- The emergence of complex protein therapeutics in general and monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in particular have stimulated analytical chemists to develop new methods and strategies for their structural characterization. Mass spectrometry plays a key role in providing information on the primary amino acid sequence, post-translational modifications, and other structure characteristics that must be monitored during the manufacturing process and subsequent quality control assessment. In this study, we present a novel method that allows structural characterization of mAbs based on MALDI in-source decay (ISD) fragmentation, coupled with Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) MS. The method benefits from higher resolution of absorption mode FT mass spectra, compared to magnitude mode, which enables simultaneous identification of ISD fragments from both the heavy and light chains with a higher confidence in a wide mass range up to m/z 13 500. This method was applied to two standard mAbs, namely NIST mAb and trastuzumab, in preparation for method application in an interlaboratory study on mAbs structural analysis coordinated by the Consortium for Top-Down Proteomics. Extensive sequence coverage was obtained from the middle-down analysis (IdeS- and GingisKHAN-digested mAbs) that complemented the top-down analysis of intact mAbs. In addition, MALDI FT-ICR MS of IdeS-digested mAbs allowed isotopic-level profiling of proteoforms with regard to heavy chain N-glycosylation.