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The potential protective effect of two actinomycete extracts against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rats

Hozzein, Wael N., Al-Khalaf, Areej Abdulkareem, Mohany, Mohamed, Al-Rejaie, Salim S., Ali, Dalia M. I., Amin, Asmaa A.
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.4 pp. 3834-3847
alanine transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, antioxidant activity, aspartate transaminase, bilirubin, blood serum, carbon, carbon tetrachloride, catalase, corn oil, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, hepatotoxicity, histopathology, lactate dehydrogenase, liver, males, malondialdehyde, necrosis, oxidative stress, peroxidase, protective effect, rats, soil, superoxide dismutase
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential protective effect of two extracts derived from two soil actinomycete strains, designated S19 and G30, against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity in male rats. Sixty-four male rats were divided into four groups of 16 rats per group. The first group was a control group given corn oil and the nutritive medium which is composed of a mixture of the two used media. The second group received CCl₄ only, the third group was administered CCl₄ and the extract S19, and the fourth group was administered CCl₄ and the extract G30. The results were taken after a treatment period of 8 weeks. Our data demonstrated that the two actinomycete extracts significantly (P < 0.01) lowered the CCl₄-induced elevation of serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) after 8 weeks of treatment. The extract S19 had no effect on serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and total bilirubin, whereas the extract G30 significantly decreased (P < 0.01) the elevated levels of these parameters in the serum, especially after 4 weeks of treatment. The levels of hepatic glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), peroxidase (Px), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) significantly increased (P < 0.01), while those of malondialdehyde (MDA) markedly decreased in rats treated with the two extracts. Furthermore, histopathological lesions in the liver, including necrosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, hydropic degeneration, and congestion of the central vein, were partially reversed by treatment with the two microbial extracts. Our results provided evidence for the protective effect of the two used actinomycete extracts against CCl₄-induced liver damage occurred through the reduction of oxidative stress and improvement of antioxidant defense markers.