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Influence of the root plaque formation with different species on oxytetracycline accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) and its elimination in culture solution

Bao, Yanyu, Li, Yunxia, Liu, Jianv, Liu, Weitao, Chen, Qi, Pan, Chengrong, Song, Xiaojing
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.4 pp. 4091-4103
Oryza sativa, aerial parts, half life, hydroponics, iron, montmorillonite, oxytetracycline, pH, rice, roots, seedlings, shoots
Hydroponic experiments were conducted to investigate the role of different root plaque formation on oxytetracycline (OTC) uptake/translocation by rice seedlings (Oryza sativa L.) and solution–OTC elimination at two initial OTC concentrations (10 and 30 mg L⁻¹). The results indicated OTC accumulation in rice was always in the order root surface > shoot > inside root whether plaques were formed or not. It demonstrated that Fe–Mn–Mt (montmorillonite) treatment was easier to promote significantly (p < 0.05) OTC accumulation in the underground part (root surface and inside root) and decrease significantly (p < 0.05) OTC translocation from the root to the shoot in rice compared to no plaque treatments (CK), especially for OTC 30 mg L⁻¹ level with the lowest shoot–OTC accumulation in Fe–Mn–Mt treatment. Plaque treatments increased half-life of solution–OTC elimination in the order Fe–Mn–Mt > Fe–Mn > Fe > CK, which was caused mainly by OTC degradation from Fe²⁺-binding influence in solution, not by the enhancement of OTC accumulation on the root surface and inside root. And solution–OTC elimination increased with decreasing initial OTC concentrations, the drop of Fe²⁺ and the increment of Fe³⁺ and pH during the experiment. These findings are useful for reducing OTC accumulation and translocation in rice aboveground parts and eliminating OTC contamination in agricultural environment simultaneously through complicated plaque formation under higher OTC concentration exposure (30 mg L⁻¹) in the future design.