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TiO2 nanowires as an effective sensing platform for rapid fluorescence detection of single-stranded DNA and double-stranded DNA
- Ding, Wei, Song, Chan, Li, Tianle, Ma, Haoran, Yao, Yuewei, Yao, Cheng
- Talanta 2019 v.199 pp. 442-448
- DNA probes, biosensors, fluorescence, fluorescent dyes, nanowires, single-stranded DNA, titanium dioxide
- Numerous nanomaterials have been utilized for novel biosensors with sensitivity and selectivity in the last decades due to their intrinsic unique properties. Herein, a facile fluorescence method for nucleic acid detection was developed by employing TiO2 nanowires (NWs) as the sensing platform. The quenching effect of TiO2 NWs to fluorophore-labelled single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) was found to be more significant than that to fluorophore-labelled double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) or triplex DNA probes. More importantly, the whole quenching process was also fast since it just took about ten minutes to reach the equilibrium. Based on the different affinities of TiO2 NWs to ssDNA, dsDNA and triplex DNA probes, the sequence-specific nucleic acids were detected with sensitivity and specificity. Further investigation has demonstrated that the quenching efficiency of TiO2 NWs to long ssDNA was apparently superior than that to short ssDNA. Moreover, the fluorescence from various ssDNA probes labelled with a wide spectrum of fluorescent dyes could also be quenched by TiO2 NWs. These inspiring results reveal that TiO2 NWs could be an excellent universal nanoquencher used in the next-generation biosensors.