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Design and construction of Z-scheme Bi2S3/nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots: Boosted photoelectric conversion efficiency for high-performance photoelectrochemical aptasensing of sulfadimethoxine

You, Fuheng, Zhu, Mingyue, Ding, Lijun, Xu, Yuhuan, Wang, Kun
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2019 v.130 pp. 230-235
aptasensors, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, energy, graphene, milk, monitoring, quantum dots, sulfadimethoxine
Rational design and fabrication of Z-scheme visible-light-driven photoactive materials have drawn much attention owing to their great potential in handling environment and energy crisis. In this work, Z-scheme Bi2S3/nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (NGQDs) with superior photoelectric conversion efficiency were designed and fabricated, which demonstrated enhanced photoactivity compared with Bi2S3 owing to the improved separation efficiency of photogenerated electron and hole pairs. The emphasis was put on designing Z-scheme Bi2S3/NGQDs, and then the mechanism of Z-scheme charge transfer mode was verified by the electron spin resonance (ESR) technique. On this basis, the proposed sensor exhibited a wide linear range of 0.1–120 nM and a detection limit of 0.03 nM (S/N = 3) for SDM, with high sensitivity (0.075 μA nM –1), good selectivity and stability. Moreover, the proposed PEC aptasensor using Bi2S3/NGQDs as the photoelectrode achieved sensitive and selective determination of sulfadimethoxine in milk samples. This work could provide some ideas for designing other Z-scheme photoactive species and insights into the charge transfer mechanism of Z-scheme. Furthermore, the promising applicability of PEC aptasensor using photoactive species could be extended to other accurate monitoring for contaminants.