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Succession of organics metabolic function of bacterial community in response to addition of earthworm casts and zeolite in maize straw composting

Zhou, Guixiang, Qiu, Xiuwen, Chen, Lin, Zhang, Congzhi, Ma, Donghao, Zhang, Jiabao
Bioresource technology 2019 v.280 pp. 229-238
Bacillaceae, Devosia, Georgenia, Mycobacterium, additives, amino acid metabolism, ammonium, bacterial communities, beta-Proteobacteria, biochemical pathways, carbohydrate metabolism, community structure, composting, corn straw, energy metabolism, genes, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, keystone species, temperature, worm casts, zeolites
Succession and metabolism functions of bacterial communities were determined in maize straw composting with earthworm casts and zeolite addition by using high-throughput sequencing, Biolog and PICRUSt. Results showed that earthworm casts and zeolite addition increased the temperature, decreased NH₄⁺ contents and affected bacterial community structure. The relative abundances of Firmicutes and Betaproteobacteria increased with earthworm casts and zeolite addition in the late stage. The abundances of genes related to carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and energy metabolism were increased by these two additives in the early stage, but decreased in the late stage. Network analysis demonstrated that members of Bacillaceae were identified as the keystone taxa. Temperature showed negative relationship with Georgenia, while NH₄⁺ exhibited positive associations with Georgenia, Devosia, Ruania and Mycobacterium. These results indicated that earthworm casts and zeolite addition benefitted the keystone species and enhanced the metabolism capacity of bacterial community, thereby improved the quality of compost.