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Asymmetric electrodes with a transition metal disulfide heterostructure and amorphous bimetallic hydroxide for effective alkaline water electrolysis
- Wang, Xiao Hu, Ling, Yu, Li, Bang Lin, Li, Xiao Lin, Chen, Guo, Tao, Bai Xiang, Li, Ling Jie, Li, Nian Bing, Luo, Hong Qun
- Journal of materials chemistry A 2019 v.7 no.6 pp. 2895-2900
- active sites, alkalinity, anodes, catalysts, cathodes, durability, electric potential difference, electrolysis, hydrogen production, iron, molybdenum disulfide, nanosheets, nickel, oxygen production, potassium hydroxide, protons, water
- Through hydro- and solvothermal methods and an electrodeposition-assisted in situ growth strategy, a transition metal disulfide (TMD)-assembled heterostructural cathode (Ni₃S₂/MoS₂-CC) and derivative TMD superficial amorphous bimetallic hydroxide-coated anode (NiFe(OH)ₓ@Ni₃S₂/MoS₂-CC) were successfully prepared for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER), respectively. The synthesized electrodes demonstrate first-rate performance with enhanced durability for electrolysis. Individually, Ni₃S₂/MoS₂-CC affords an overpotential (η) of 173 mV (at 100 mA cm⁻²) in HER, while NiFe(OH)ₓ@Ni₃S₂/MoS₂-CC affords an η of 309 mV (at 100 mA cm⁻²) in OER. Tight interstratification between the nanosheet (NS) array and amorphous bimetallic hydroxides lead to enhanced affinity for OH⁻/H⁺, improved conductivity, increased charge transfer, and enriched active sites. The two-electrode alkaline (1.0 M KOH) electrolyzer (NMC//NFNMC) requires a low overall voltage (ΔV) of 1.55 and 1.71 V to reach 10 and 100 mA cm⁻², respectively. The rational combination of TMDs and TMDs/NiFe(OH)ₓ delivers a useful methodology for designing and constructing low-cost, hierarchical, transition metal-based composite catalysts with high performance for water electrolysis.