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Enhanced stability of heterologous proteins by supramolecular self-assembly

Park, Jin-Seung, Ahn, Ji-Young, Lee, Sung-Hyun, Lee, Hyewon, Han, Kyung-Yeon, Seo, Hyuk-Seong, Ahn, Keum-Young, Min, Bon Hong, Sim, Sang Jun, Choi, Insung S., Kim, Yang Hoon, Lee, Jeewon
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2007 v.75 no.2 pp. 347-355
Mycoplasma, arginine deiminase, bacterial proteins, biotransformation, cytoplasm, drugs, enzyme stability, green fluorescent protein, image analysis, mutants, nanoparticles, pH, recombinant fusion proteins, solubility, temperature
Recently, we reported on the dual function of human ferritin heavy chain (hFTN-H) used for the fusion expression and solubility enhancement of various heterologous proteins: (1) high-affinity interaction with HSP70 chaperone DnaK and (2) formation of self-assembled supramolecules with limited and constant sizes. Especially the latter, the self-assembly function of hFTN-H is highly useful in avoiding the undesirable formation of insoluble macroaggregates of heterologous proteins in bacterial cytoplasm. In this study, using enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) and several deletion mutants of Mycoplasma arginine deiminase (ADI₁₃₂–₄₁₀) as reporter proteins, we confirmed through TEM image analysis that the recombinant fusion proteins (hFTN-H::eGFP and hFTN-H::ADI₁₃₂–₄₁₀) formed intracellular spherical particles with nanoscale diameter (≈10 nm), i.e., noncovalently cross-linked supramolecules. Surprisingly, the supramolecular eGFP and ADI showed much enhanced stability in bioactivity. That is, the activity level was much more stably maintained for the prolonged period of time even at high temperature, at high concentration of Gdn–HCl, and in wide range of pH. The stability enhancement by supramolecular self-assembly may make it possible to utilize the protein supramolecules as novel means for drug delivery, enzymatic material conversion (biotransformation), protein chip/sensor, etc. where the maintenance of protein/enzyme stability is strictly required.