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In Situ Construction of One-Dimensional Component-Interchange Organic Core/Shell Microrods for Multicolor Continuous-Variable Optical Waveguide

Zhuo, Ming-Peng, Fei, Xi-Yu, Tao, Yi-Chen, Fan, Jian, Wang, Xue-Dong, Xie, Wan-Feng, Liao, Liang-Sheng
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2019 v.11 no.5 pp. 5298-5305
biocompatibility, catalytic activity, chemical structure, color, deprotonation, dispersibility, energy transfer, medicine, optical properties, protonation
The core/shell micro-/nanostructures with versatility, tunability, stability, dispersibility, and biocompatibility are widely applied in optics, biomedicine, catalysis, and energy. Organic micro-/nanocrystals have significant applications in miniaturized optoelectronics because of their controllable self-assembly behavior, tunable optical properties, and tailor-made molecular structure. Nevertheless, the advanced organic core/shell micro-/nanostructures, which possess multifunctionality, flexibility, and higher compatibility, are rarely demonstrated because of the dynamic nature of molecular self-assembly and the complex epitaxial relationship of material combination. Herein, we demonstrate the one-dimensional organic core/shell micro-/nanostructures with component interchange, which originates from the 4,4′-((1E,1′E)-(2,5-dimethoxy-1,4-phenylene)bis(ethene-2,1-diyl))dipyridine (DPEpe) single-crystal microrods or the DPEpe-HCl single-crystal microrods after a reversible protonation or deprotonation process. Notably, the DPEpe/DPEpe-HCl core/shell microrods display vivid visualizations of tunable emission color via an efficient energy-transfer process during the stepwise formation of a shell layer. More significantly, these DPEpe/DPEpe-HCl and DPEpe-HCl/DPEpe core/shell microrods cooperatively demonstrate the multicolor optical waveguide properties continuously adjusted from green [CIE (0.326, 0.570)], to yellow [CIE (0.516, 0.465)], and to red [CIE (0.614, 0.374)]. Our investigation provides a new strategy to fabricate the organic core/shell micro-/nanostructures, which can eventually contribute to the advanced organic optoelectronics at the micro-/nanoscale.