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Microbial β-mannosidases and their industrial applications
- Costa, Diandra Albuquerque Lopes, Filho, Edivaldo Ximenes Ferreira
- Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2019 v.103 no.2 pp. 535-547
- Arecaceae, Gymnospermae, beta-mannosidase, bioenergy industry, carbon, cell walls, glycosylation, hydrolysis, industrial applications, mannans, mannose, pH, synergism, temperature
- Heteropolymers of mannan are polysaccharide components of the plant cell wall of gymnosperms and some angiosperms, including palm trees (Arecales and Monocot). Degradation of the complex structure of these polysaccharides requires the synergistic action of enzymes that disrupt the internal carbon skeleton of mannan and accessory enzymes that remove side chain substituents. However, complete degradation of these polysaccharides is carried out by an exo-hydrolase termed β-mannosidase. Microbial β-mannosidases belong to families 1, 2, and 5 of glycosyl hydrolases, and catalyze the hydrolysis of non-reducing ends of mannose oligomers. Besides, these enzymes are also involved in transglycosylation reactions. Because of their activity at different temperatures and pH values, these enzymes are used in a variety of industrial applications and the pharmaceutical, food, and biofuel industries.