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Effects of nitrogen level on the physicochemical properties of Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn.) starch

Zhang, Weili, Yang, Qinghua, Xia, Meijuan, Bai, Wenming, Wang, Pengke, Gao, Xiaoli, Li, Jing, Feng, Baili, Gao, Jinfeng
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.129 pp. 799-808
Fagopyrum tataricum, amylose, buckwheat, crystal structure, enthalpy, gelatinization, nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizers, nonfood industry, particle size, pasting properties, retrogradation, solubility, temperature, transmittance
Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn.) because this substance affects the yield and quality of Tartary buckwheat. The physicochemical characteristics of starch represent the important parameters of Tartary buckwheat quality. The effects of different levels of nitrogen application at different levels (0, 45, 135 and 225kg/ha in 2015 and 0, 90, 180 and 270kg/ha in 2017) on the physicochemical characteristics of Tartary buckwheat starch were studied. The amylose content, particle size and retrogradation of Tartary buckwheat starch with nitrogen were lower than those of without nitrogen. The structure complexity, pasting temperature, gelatinization enthalpy, relative crystallinity, light transmittance and solubility of the former were higher than those of the latter. Nitrogen application did not change the ‘A’-type crystalline pattern of Tartary buckwheat starch. This study indicated that nitrogen level and years and the interactions among nitrogen fertilizer levels and years significantly affected the physicochemical properties of Tartary buckwheat starch. These integrated results also provided information about the management of fertilization conditions to obtain starches with special properties for applications in food or nonfood industries.