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Magnetic silica coated iron carbide/alginate beads: Synthesis and application for adsorption of Cu (II) from aqueous solutions

Ahmadpoor, Fatemeh, Shojaosadati, Seyed Abbas, Mousavi, Seyedeh Zahra
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.128 pp. 941-947
adsorbents, adsorption, aqueous solutions, copper, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, ions, kinetics, magnetism, models, nanoparticles, pH, scanning electron microscopy, silica, sodium alginate, transmission electron microscopy
In the present study, a novel and high efficient magnetic alginate beads containing Fe5C2@SiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized and applied to remove Cu (II) ions from water. The synthesized Fe5C2@SiO2 NPs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The elemental content of the magnetic/alginate beads before and after Cu(II) adsorption was analyzed using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The influence of important factors such as pH, contact time and initial Cu (II) concentration on the adsorption capacity of magnetic/alginate beads was investigated. The maximum adsorption percent (97.4%) was attained in the pH range of 3–4 and the adsorbent dosage of 0.41 g/L in the Cu (II) concentration of 200 mg/L. Moreover, the maximum capacity of adsorption was compared with silica coated iron carbide alginate and alginate alone. The results showed with adding a 1 mg of silica coated iron carbide NPs to sodium alginate enhanced the adsorption capacity of copper ions to ca. 2 times. The Sips isotherm model was best fitted to the experimental data with the maximum adsorption capacity of 37.73 mg/g for each layer. The adsorption kinetic followed the pseudo-second order kinetic model. These results reveal that the alginate Fe5C2@SiO2 beads could be a candidate for copper ions removal from aqueous solutions.