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Understanding the influence of carbon nanomaterials on microbial communities

Author:
Chen, Ming, Sun, Yan, Liang, Jie, Zeng, Guangming, Li, Zhongwu, Tang, Lin, Zhu, Yi, Jiang, Danni, Song, Biao
Source:
Environment international 2019 v.126 pp. 690-698
ISSN:
0160-4120
Subject:
adverse effects, carbon nanotubes, fullerene, graphene, microbial communities, microorganisms, toxicity
Abstract:
Carbon nanomaterials (CNMs) are widely used because of their unique advantages in recent years. At the same time, the influence of CNMs on the environment is becoming increasingly prominent. This review mainly introduces the research progress in the effects of fullerenes, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and graphene on microorganisms and their toxicity mechanisms. On this basis, we have analyzed beneficial and adverse effects of fullerenes, graphene, MWCNTs and SWCNTs to microorganisms, and discussed the similarities of the toxicity mechanisms of different CNMs on microorganisms. This review helps provide ideas on how to protect microorganisms from the impacts of carbon nanomaterials, and it will be conductive to providing a strong theoretical basis for better application of carbon nanomaterials.
Agid:
6302975