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Developing a 3D intestinal epithelium model for livestock species

Derricott, Hayley, Luu, Lisa, Fong, Wai Yee, Hartley, Catherine S., Johnston, Luke J., Armstrong, Stuart D., Randle, Nadine, Duckworth, Carrie A., Campbell, Barry J., Wastling, Jonathan M., Coombes, Janine L.
Cell and tissue research 2019 v.375 no.2 pp. 409-424
Salmonella Typhimurium, Toxoplasma gondii, animal models, cattle, confocal microscopy, cryopreservation, epithelial cells, host-pathogen relationships, human population, humans, intestinal crypts, jejunum, morbidity, mortality, pathogens, renewable resources, rodents, slaughterhouses, staining, stem cells, swine, zoonoses
The in vitro 3D culture of intestinal epithelium is a valuable resource in the study of its function. Organoid culture exploits stem cells’ ability to regenerate and produce differentiated epithelium. Intestinal organoid models from rodent or human tissue are widely available whereas large animal models are not. Livestock enteric and zoonotic diseases elicit significant morbidity and mortality in animal and human populations. Therefore, livestock species-specific models may offer novel insights into host-pathogen interactions and disease responses. Bovine and porcine jejunum were obtained from an abattoir and their intestinal crypts isolated, suspended in Matrigel, cultured, cryopreserved and resuscitated. ‘Rounding’ of crypts occurred followed by budding and then enlargement of the organoids. Epithelial cells were characterised using immunofluorescent staining and confocal microscopy. Organoids were successfully infected with Toxoplasma gondii or Salmonella typhimurium. This 3D organoid model offers a long-term, renewable resource for investigating species-specific intestinal infections with a variety of pathogens.