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Experimental study on NO emissions from pulverized char under MILD combustion in an O2/CO2 atmosphere preheated by a circulating fluidized bed

Lyu, Qing-Gang, Zhu, Shu-Jun, Zhu, Jian-Guo, Wu, Hui-Xing, Fan, Yan-Qi
Fuel processing technology 2018 v.176 pp. 43-49
carbon dioxide, combustion, combustion efficiency, emissions, flue gas, fluidized beds, fuels, nitric oxide, oxygen, temperature profiles
This study examined the combustion of pulverized char under an O2/CO2 atmosphere to (1) attempt to achieve a moderate or intense low-oxygen dilution (MILD) combustion process and (2) investigate the effects of gas distribution modes on NO emissions. First, fuel was preheated in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) and then high-temperature preheated fuel from the CFB was burned in a down-fired combustor (DFC). The study was conducted with two secondary gas nozzle positions, three tertiary gas position arrangements, and four secondary oxygen ratios in the DFC. During the test process, the combustion temperature was uniform in the CFB and the CO2 concentration in the flue gas reached approximately 90%. MILD combustion was achieved when the secondary gas nozzle position was center and the char combustion reaction dispersed into the upper low-oxygen space in the DFC. The obvious flame front disappeared and the temperature profile in the DFC was more uniform which is also one of the important features of MILD combustion. This reduced NO emissions by around half while maintaining high combustion efficiency. NO emissions were further reduced by a particular arrangement of tertiary gas positions, but at the cost of reducing combustion efficiency.