Main content area

Recombinant HcpA-EspA-Tir-Stx2B chimeric protein induces immunity against attachment and toxicity of Escherichia coli O157:H7

Kordbacheh, Emad, Nazarian, Shahram, Hajizadeh, Abbas, Fasihi-Ramandi, Mahdi, Fathi, Javad
Microbial pathogenesis 2019 v.129 pp. 176-182
Escherichia coli O157, Western blotting, adhesion, amino acids, antibodies, antigens, antiserum, bacteria, bacterial adhesion, developed countries, food pathogens, immune response, intestines, lethal dose 50, mice, neutralization, neutralization tests, recombinant fusion proteins, serotypes, vaccines
It is about 4 decades from the identification of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) as a food-borne pathogen. There are many shreds of evidence that the bacteria are significant sources of intestinal infections and outbreaks even in developed countries. Developing an effective vaccine against O157 and non-O157 serotypes of EHEC is a good strategy to combat the bacteria. Raising antibody against main toxicity, adhering and colonizing apparatus of the bacteria using a multi-antigenic protein can be hopefully applicable.A synthetic cassette consists of HcpA-EspA-Tir-Stx2B (HETS) subunit proteins were constructed and sub-cloned in pET32a (+). The protein was expressed and purified with Ni-NTA column and the BALB/c mice were immunized by the purified protein. HETS protein efficacy to elicit immune responses, O157 fecal shedding and immunity against Stx toxin were assessed. In addition, the cellular assays were performed to investigate the immune sera capability for neutralizing of Stx toxin and bacterial attachment apparatus.The HETS protein (611 amino acid length) was expressed and validated by Western blotting. Exerted EHEC bacteria ratio in the immunized mice was reduced close to 60% in shedding test. Cellular assays revealed that the sera of the immunized animals were able to neutralize Stx holotoxin in an extent of 70%; also, immunized mice were able to tolerate up to 200 LD50 of the active toxin. Moreover, toxin neutralization assay showed the capability of the immunized sera to block the cell adhesion.Regarding a lack of an efficient vaccine against EHEC, the proposed candidate immunogen, which consists of main adhesion and invasion factors, can overcome the lack of a vaccine against the bacteria.