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Glycogen Phosphorylase Isoenzyme Bb, Myoglobin and BNP in ANT-Induced Cardiotoxicity
- Di, Jia-Yin, Zhang, Zong-Xin, Xin, Shao-Jun
- Open life sciences 2018 v.13 no.1 pp. 561-568
- blood serum, brain, cardiotoxicity, drug therapy, echocardiography, electrocardiography, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, glycogen, isozymes, leukemia, myoglobin, natriuretic peptides, patients, phosphorylase
- Anthracyline (ANT) has been demonstrated as a useful treatment for leukemia and solid tumors. However, ANT has previously reported cardiotoxic effects, which can reduce the therapeutic index for cancer treatment. This study aimed to investigate the associations of glycogen phosphorylase isoenzyme BB (GPBB), myoglobin (Mb), and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) with anthracycline (ANT-induced cardiotoxicity (AIC)) amongst the Chinese population. Patients suffering from leukemia were recruited. Electrocardiogram and echocardiography were used along with chemotherapy to determine left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), mitral ratio of peak early to late diastolic filling velocity (E/A), E-wave deceleration time (EDT), and isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT). Double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA) was employed to examine and compare serum GPBB, Mb, and BNP levels. Following chemotherapy, the patients presented higher levels of serum GPBB, Mb, and BNP than before chemotherapy treatment. The levels of LVEF (%), E/A, and IVRT were significantly decreased after chemotherapy, while EDT was markedly increased. The cumulative ANT dose was positively corelated to serum GPBB, Mb, and BNP levels while it was negatively corelated to LVEF levels. In conclusion, serum GPBB, Mb, and BNP levels in combination might provide higher diagnostic accuracy in the early detection of AIC compared with other single indicators.