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Use of simple sequence repeat markers for DNA fingerprinting and diversity analysis of sugarcane (Saccharum spp) cultivars resistant and susceptible to red rot

Hameed, U., Pan, Y.-B., Muhammad, K., Afghan, S., Iqbal, J.
Genetics and molecular research 2012 v.11 no.2 pp. 1195
DNA fingerprinting, Glomerella tucumanensis, Saccharum, alleles, cultivar identification, cultivars, disease resistance, fungal diseases of plants, fungi, genetic markers, genetic polymorphism, genetic relationships, genetic variation, microsatellite repeats, sugarcane, trees, Pakistan
Red rod is an economically important disease of sugarcane caused by the fungus Colletotrichum falcatum. We used a simple sequence repeat (SSR)-based marker system to identify and analyze genetic relationships of red rot resistant and susceptible sugarcane cultivars grown in Pakistan. Twenty-one highly polymorphic SSR markers were used for DNA fingerprinting and genetic diversity analysis of 20 sugarcane cultivars. These SSR markers were found to be highly robust; we identified 144 alleles, with 3-11 alleles per marker and a mean of 6.8. Three SSR markers were able to identify all 20 cultivars. DNAMANĀ®-generated homology tree was used to analyze genetic diversity among these cultivars; all cultivars shared 58% or more similarity. We correlated polymorphism information content and resolving power values with marker effectiveness in the process of sugarcane cultivar identification. We concluded that a small number of SSR-derived DNA markers will allow breeders to identify red rot resistant and susceptible cultivars.