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Impact of poly dimethyldiallylammonium chloride on membrane fouling mitigation in a membrane bioreactor

Zhou, Jia-Heng, Wu, Chang-Hua, Cheng, Gao-Feng, Hong, Qian-Kun, Li, Yao-Zhong, Wang, Hong-Yu
Environmental technology 2019 v.40 no.8 pp. 1043-1049
chemical oxygen demand, electrostatic interactions, environmental technology, filtration, fouling, membrane bioreactors, quaternary ammonium compounds, secretion, sludge, total nitrogen, zeta potential
Poly dimethyldiallylammonium chloride (PDMDAAC) was applied in a membrane bioreactor (MBR) to study its effects on mitigation of MBR membrane fouling. Floc size, zeta potential, soluble microbial substances (SMP) and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) secretion were studied with respect to PDMMAAC-dosing operations. Results demonstrated that a sustainable filtration cycle extended 3.3 times with the optimal PDMDAAC dosage of 90 mg L⁻¹. The addition of PDMDAAC could increase zeta potential of sludge floc, which led to the decrease in repulsive electrostatic interactions between flocs, as well as the facilitation of flocs-to-flocs aggregation. With the optimal dosage of PDMDAAC, the mean size of sludge was 3.23 ± 0.55 times higher than the control group, resulting in higher impact resistance and better adaptive capacity to the changing environment, which led to less SMP secretion. Moreover, a high contaminants removal rate was achieved in the reactor that was dosed with PDMDAAC. The average effluent concentrations of chemical oxygen demand and total nitrogen were less than 45.6 ± 2.85 and 5.23 ± 0.61 mg L⁻¹, respectively, and the corresponding removal rates were 93.1 ± 5.81% and 89.1 ± 9.61%.