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Tannic acid for remediation of historically arsenic-contaminated soils
- Gusiatin, Zygmunt Mariusz, Klik, Barbara, Kulikowska, Dorota
- Environmental technology 2019 v.40 no.8 pp. 1050-1061
- arsenic, oxides, pH, polluted soils, remediation, soil pollution, soil washing, sorption, tannins, toxic substances, washing
- Soil washing effectively and permanently decreases soil pollution. Thus, it can be considered for the removal of the most toxic elements, for example arsenic (As). In this study, historically As-contaminated soils (2041–4294 mg/kg) were remediated with tannic acid (TA) as the washing agent. The scope of this study included optimization of the operational conditions of As removal, determination of As distribution in soil before and after double soil washing, and measurement of TA loss during washing. The optimum conditions for As removal were 4% TA, pH 4 and 24 h washing time. The average As removal after single and double washings was 38% and 63%, respectively. TA decreased As content in amorphous and poorly crystalline oxides by >90%. Although TA increased the amount of As in the easily mobilizable As fraction, the stability of As in washed soils increased, with reduced partition indexes of 0.52–0.66 after washing. The maximum capacity of the soils to adsorb TA (qₘₐₓ) was 50.2–70.4 g C/kg. TA sorption was higher at alkaline than at acidic conditions. Only TA removes As from soils effectively if the proportion of As in amorphous and poorly crystalline oxides is high. Thus, it can be considered for remediation of historically contaminated soils.