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Phomopsis liquidambari colonization promotes continuous cropping peanut growth by improving the rhizosphere microenvironment, nutrient uptake and disease incidence

Xie, Xing‐Guang, Zhang, Feng‐Min, Wang, Xing‐Xiang, Li, Xiao‐Gang, Dai, Chuan‐Chao
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2019 v.99 no.4 pp. 1898-1907
Diaporthe liquidambaris, continuous cropping, disease incidence, endophytes, fungi, nitrogen, nutrient uptake, peanuts, phosphorus, physiological state, potassium, rhizosphere, soil, statistical analysis
BACKGROUND: The continuous cropping of peanuts is a primary cause of yield and quality loss. Solutions to this problem should be therefore developed to ensure the sustainability of peanut production. RESULTS: In this study, colonization by the endophytic fungus Phomopsis liquidambari was detected, which led to significantly improved rhizosphere soil microenvironment, enhanced N, P and K assimilation and suppressed incidence of peanut disease. Statistical analysis demonstrated that the yield enhancement was significantly correlated with improvement of the rhizosphere soil microenvironment and the peanut's physiological status by P. liquidambari colonization. In addition, P. liquidambari colonization also significantly improved peanut quality. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that the practical application of the endophytic fungus P. liquidambari has a strong potential to alleviate the obstacles associated with continuous peanut cropping under field conditions. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry