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PARV4 found in wild chimpanzee faeces: an alternate route of transmission?

Author:
Brožová, Kristýna, Modrý, David, Dadáková, Eva, Mapua, Mwanahamisi I., Piel, Alex K., Stewart, Fiona A., Celer, Vladimír, Hrazdilová, Kristýna
Source:
Archives of virology 2019 v.164 no.2 pp. 573-578
ISSN:
0304-8608
Subject:
Pan troglodytes, Protoparvovirus, feces, geographical distribution, humans, open reading frames, phylogeny, sequence analysis, viruses, Africa
Abstract:
Human parvovirus 4 (PARV4, family Parvoviridae, genus Tetraparvovirus) displays puzzling features, such as uncertain clinical importance/significance, unclear routes of transmission, and discontinuous geographical distribution. The origin, or the general reservoir, of human PARV4 infection is unknown. We aimed to detect and characterize PARV4 virus in faecal samples collected from two wild chimpanzee populations and 19 species of captive non-human primates. We aimed to investigate these species as a potential reservoir and alternate route of transmission on the African continent. From almost 500 samples screened, a single wild Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii sample tested positive. Full genome analysis, as well as single ORF phylogenies, confirmed species-specific PARV4 infection.
Agid:
6305540