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Development status and trend of apricot cultivation in Liaoyang, China
- Xu, X. F., Han, X. M., Han, H. Z., Li, L., Wu, T. H.
- Acta horticulturae 2018 no.1214 pp. 109-110
- apples, apricots, climate, color, crop production, cultivars, drought, drought tolerance, economic development, fences, finance, fruits, grapes, hills, human resources, ingredients, inorganic salts, nutrients, nutritive value, planting, sand, soil, soil conservation, sweetness, trees, vitamins, wastelands, wind erosion, China
- Apricot is one of the main cultivated trees in northern China. It is popular because of its early fruit, bright color, juicy sarcocarp, and sweet taste. Apricot is rich in nutrients, including several organic ingredients, vitamins, and inorganic salts. Furthermore, apricot trees are suitable for planting in areas prone to drought, and are characterized by shallow soil, owing to their capacity to prevent wind erosion, promote sand fixation and soil conservation and improve the environment, and their drought resistance and long economic life (>100 years). Liaoyang is an optimized zone for apricot trees, ‘Hanfu’ apple trees, and ‘Liaofeng’ grape, because of the suitable climate and economic environment. The increased demand for fruits with high nutritional value makes the development of apricot important. Apricot can be an important part of the fruit industry, which can support local economic development in Liaoyang. The main apricot cultivars in Liaoyang include ‘Chuanjinhong’, ‘Jintaiyang’, ‘Luotuohuang’, ‘Yinxiangbai’, ‘Xiangxing’, and ‘Huaxiandaxing’. The planting area is approximately 5000 mu. However, owing to lags in technology and extensive management, the yield per unit area is much lower (approximately 250 kg mu-1) than the normal yield of 1500 kg mu-1. According to the requirements of the “green hill project” of Liaoyang, aimed at opening up wasteland and superslope hills to plant forest and ecological fences, good cultivars of apricot should be planted systematically. We plan to improve apricot production using standardized cultivation techniques, improve human resources and finance management, thus promoting the production of apricot cultivation in Liaoyang.