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Detection of phenol contamination in RNA samples and its impact on qRT-PCR results

Author:
Unger, Conny, Lokmer, Nicole, Lehmann, Daniel, Axmann, Ilka M.
Source:
Analytical biochemistry 2019 v.571 pp. 49-52
ISSN:
0003-2697
Subject:
RNA, absorbance, fluorometry, phenol, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction
Abstract:
Residual phenol, carried over from RNA purification, can alter RNA concentration measurements and is assumed to inhibit PCR. Here, we demonstrate that Impurities A260 values of spectral content profiling (SCP) UV/Vis measurements correlated with phenol concentration, whereas absorbance ratios of classical UV/Vis systems failed to reliably detect phenol in RNA samples. Phenol contamination led to over- or underestimation of RNA concentration on UV/Vis systems, whereas it had no influence on fluorometry quantification. Wrong RNA concentration results led to altered template input in qRT-PCR and consequently caused quantification cycle (Cq) shifts, although ≤ 0.01% phenol had no direct influence.
Agid:
6306360