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Facile synthesis of Silicon quantum dot-Gadolinium: A potential fluorescent/T1-T2 multimodal imaging agent
- Xiao, Fangnan, Xiao, Yue, Chen, Fangman, Liu, Xiaolin, Lin, Chentao, Chen, Jianxin, Wu, Yunkun
- Talanta 2019 v.199 pp. 336-346
- Danio rerio, biocompatibility, cell lines, cytotoxicity, dispersibility, fluorescence, image analysis, in vivo studies, magnetism, mice, neoplasm cells, quantum dots, silicon
- Highly stable and multifunctional fluorescent quantum dots are particularly attractive in practical applications. Here, a new kind of ultra-small-sized silicon quantum dot-gadolinium (SiQD-Gd) was successfully fabricated by a newly-designed facile hydrothermal growth and chelating method. The obtained SiQD-Gd exhibited outstanding water dispersibility, stability and good fluorescent property with the quantum yield of 11.6%. SiQD-Gd displayed a low cytotoxicity in normal cell lines (HELF, HEK293F) and tumor cell lines (H1299, A549). Meanwhile, SiQD-Gd showed excellent magnetic resonance response with r1 relaxation rate of 10.5 mmol L−1·s−1 and r2 relaxation rate of 47.5 mmol L−1·s−1, which are 2.5 and 7.4 times enhanced comparing to that of the commercial MR agent Magnevist. In vivo studies showed significant contrast enhancement effect of its T1- and T2-weighted MR imaging. In addition, in vivo fluorescent imaging for mice and zebrafish indicated its potential applications in fluorescent tracking. Thus, the excellent multimodal imaging capacity and biocompatibility of SiQD-Gd make it a potential imaging agent for clinic applications.