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A paper-based device for simultaneous determination of antioxidant activity and total phenolic content in food samples

Puangbanlang, Chanoknan, Sirivibulkovit, Kitima, Nacapricha, Duangjai, Sameenoi, Yupaporn
Talanta 2019 v.198 pp. 542-549
antioxidant activity, antioxidants, beverages, cations, color, computer software, confidence interval, gallic acid, rapid methods
We report the first use of a paper-based device as a simple, low-cost and rapid detection platform for simultaneous determination of antioxidant activity and total phenolic content in food samples. Two antioxidant activity assays including 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonate) radical cation (ABTS) assay and cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) assay and one total phenolic content assay, Folin Ciocaltue reagent (FC) assay were simultaneously employed as a proof-of-concept. The device composed of a central sample zone connected to four pretreatment zones and consecutive detection zones to accommodate all three assays and a sample blank measurement. The analysis was achieved by dropping the samples onto the sample zone to flow to the pretreatment and detection zones containing the stored reagents for each antioxidant assay making the color change that was measured using imageJ software. Assay optimization including key reagent concentrations, reaction time, and surface modification were carried out to obtain sensitive and wide linear rage analyses. Various antioxidant standards were then evaluated to determine the analytical features of the method. The paper-based assays were successfully applied to detect antioxidant activity and total phenolic content in 10 beverage samples with similar gallic acid equivalent (GAE) values to those obtained from traditional assays at a 95% confidence interval. Moreover, the GAE values of the samples obtained from three assay analyses were well correlated to each other with relatively high Pearson's correlation coefficients. These results indicated that the assays gave accurate results and are suitable for simultaneous analysis of antioxidant activity and total phenolic content in real samples.