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Cu/ZnSOD always responded stronger and rapider than MnSOD in Lymantria dispar larvae under the avermectin stress

Zeng, JianYong, Bi, Bing, Zhang, FangMing, Cheng, Gong, Vuong Thi, Minh Dien, Zhang, GuoCai
Pesticide biochemistry and physiology 2019 v.156 pp. 72-79
Lymantria dispar, antioxidants, avermectins, bioinformatics, complementary DNA, copper, fat body, insect larvae, insects, messenger RNA, midgut, pesticides, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, rapid amplification of cDNA ends, spraying, superoxide dismutase
Metalloenzyme SODs play important roles in insects dealing with environmental stress. Here, we cloned the Cu/ZnSOD (LdCZS) and MnSOD (LdMS) mRNA of Lymantria dispar by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). Afterwards their expression patterns were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) after bioinformatic analysis. We found that both LdCZS and LdMS were widely detected in all gypsy moth larvae and all five tissues that we analyzed, and both of them were up-regulated after larvae were fed with avermectin of sublethal concentration and LC10. The LdCZS expression value are always higher than LdMS after treating with avermectin of sublethal concentrations. In addition, temporal expression profile in avermectin treated larvae showed that LdCZS expressed highest at 2nd hour, and LdMS expressed highest at 6th hour. The cuticulas transcribed LdCZS and LdMS significantly higher than heads, fat bodies, Malpighian tubes, and midguts after spraying avermectin of sublethal concentration. These results suggested that both Cu/ZnSOD and MnSOD are important antioxidant enzymes in L. dispar defensing against pesticide stress, and LdCZS always responded rapider and stronger than LdMS.