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Characterization of the emissions impacts of hybrid excavators with a portable emissions measurement system (PEMS)-based methodology
- Cao, Tanfeng, Russell, Robert L., Durbin, Thomas D., Cocker, David R., Burnette, Andrew, Calavita, Joseph, Maldonado, Hector, Johnson, Kent C.
- The Science of the total environment 2018 v.635 pp. 112-119
- carbon dioxide, energy use and consumption, excavators, global positioning systems, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, historical records, interviews, models, particulates, pollutants
- Hybrid engine technology is a potentially important strategy for reduction of tailpipe greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and other pollutants that is now being implemented for off-road construction equipment. The goal of this study was to evaluate the emissions and fuel consumption impacts of electric-hybrid excavators using a Portable Emissions Measurement System (PEMS)-based methodology. In this study, three hybrid and four conventional excavators were studied for both real world activity patterns and tailpipe emissions. Activity data was obtained using engine control module (ECM) and global positioning system (GPS) logged data, coupled with interviews, historical records, and video. This activity data was used to develop a test cycle with seven modes representing different types of excavator work. Emissions data were collected over this test cycle using a PEMS. The results indicated the HB215 hybrid excavator provided a significant reduction in tailpipe carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions (from −13 to −26%), but increased diesel particulate matter (PM) (+26 to +27%) when compared to a similar model conventional excavator over the same duty cycle.