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Post-cervical artificial insemination in porcine: The technique that came to stay
- García-Vázquez, F.A., Mellagi, A.P.G., Ulguim, R.R., Hernández-Caravaca, I., Llamas-López, P.J., Bortolozzo, F.P.
- Theriogenology 2019 v.129 pp. 37-45
- artificial insemination, biotechnology, females, freeze-thaw cycles, gene transfer, genetic improvement, industry, insemination, meat production, semen, spermatozoa, swine, swine production, uterus
- The porcine industry is of great importance worldwide, and so any technological innovation in one or more of the associated production areas is of interest for meat production. Among such innovations in the reproduction area, post-cervical or intrauterine artificial insemination (PCAI) has emerged as a new approach in artificial insemination (AI). PCAI is gradually replacing traditional cervical insemination (CAI), particularly in countries with intensive pig production industries. This type of insemination, which deposits the semen in the body of the uterus (as opposed to traditional cervical deposition), is increasingly used in the field due to its simplicity and the numerous advantages that it provides at production level (e.g. reduced number of sperm, less time required to perform insemination and faster genetic improvement) and, consequently, from an economic point of view. In addition, since its inception, PCAI has been combined with other reproductive biotechnologies, such as the use of frozen-thawed sperm, fixed-time AI or sperm-mediated gene transfer. However, despite its wide acceptance and application, new approaches for increasing the efficiency of PCAI are constantly being sought, such as the adjustment and standardization in sperm numbers, the conservation of the PCAI semen dose, its association with other biotechnologies (sex-sorted sperm) or its efficacy in young (nulliparous and primiparous) females.