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Effect of amyloglucosidase hydrolysis on the multi-scale supramolecular structure of corn starch

Yang, Zhi, Xu, Xu, Singh, Ravnit, de Campo, Liliana, Gilbert, Elliot P., Wu, Zhonghua, Hemar, Yacine
Carbohydrate polymers 2019
corn starch, enzymatic hydrolysis, enzymes, hydrolysis, lognormal distribution, neutron diffraction, porous media, scanning electron microscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, starch
The effects of amyloglucosidase digestion on the multi-scale supramolecular structural changes of native corn starch were examined by ultra-small angle neutron scattering (USANS), small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), particle sizing, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Well-defined and spherical pores were formed upon amyloglucosidase digestion as revealed by SEM. The pore polydispersity was determined using USANS by assuming spherical pore morphology with log-normal distribution. Both USANS and SEM measurements demonstrated that the pores become larger and more polydisperse as the digestion time increased. Moreover, SAXS revealed that the lamellar peak area decreased gradually for both thermally and enzymatically treated starches, indicating partial loss of lamellar organisation. Overall, the results demonstrate structural changes occur on multiple length scales upon enzymatic digestion from granular to lamellar with small-angle scattering demonstrated to provide detailed characterization of the resultant microporous structures.