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Rare-earth element yttrium enhances the tolerance of curly-leaf pondweed (Potamogeton crispus) to acute nickel toxicity

Lyu, Kai, Wang, Xuan, Wang, Lei, Wang, Guoxiang
Environmental pollution 2019 v.248 pp. 114-120
Potamogeton crispus, adverse effects, bioaccumulation, chlorophyll, heavy metals, lakes, nickel, oxidative stress, photosynthesis, phytoremediation, pollutants, pollution, putrescine, rare earth elements, spermidine, spermine, submerged aquatic plants, toxicity, yttrium
Nickel is a ubiquitous heavy-metal pollutant in lakes and severely affects aquatic organisms. Aquatic plants are often initially linked to having heavy metal contents and further are proposed as phytoremediation agent to remove heavy metal from water. Although the toxic effects of nickel on aquatic plants are thoroughly explored, the effective investigation to increase Ni tolerance is still in its infancy. The role of rare-earth elements (REEs) in plant resisting heavy-metal pollution has recently received considerable interest. To explore the physiological effects of REEs on Potamogeton crispus under Ni stress, we explored whether or not the additive exposure to low-dose yttrium (Y; 2.5 μM) promotes the polyamine metabolism, antioxidation, and photosynthesis performance of P. crispus under Ni stress values of 0, 50, 100, 150, and 200 μM. Results showed that Y exposure did not influence Ni bioaccumulation in P. crispus. Furthermore, Y exposure alleviated the adverse effects of Ni stress to convergent degrees because Y positively converts putrescine into spermidine and spermine, inhibits oxidative stress, increases the total chlorophyll content, and maximum/potential quantum efficiency of photosystem II. We concluded that low-dose Y can positively regulate polyamine transformation, inhibit oxidative stress, stimulate photosynthesis, and finally promote the resist ability of P. crispus to nickel stress. Thus, REEs have potential to be applied in regulating submerged plant tolerance to aquatic heavy-metal pollution.