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Isorhamnetin and its new derivatives isolated from sea buckthorn berries prevent H2O2/Fe – Induced oxidative stress and changes in hemostasis

Skalski, Bartosz, Lis, Bernadetta, Pecio, Łukasz, Kontek, Bogdan, Olas, Beata, Żuchowski, Jerzy, Stochmal, Anna
Food and chemical toxicology 2019 v.125 pp. 614-620
Elaeagnus, Hippophae rhamnoides, anticoagulants, bioactive properties, cardiovascular diseases, hemostasis, humans, hydroxyl radicals, isorhamnetin, lipids, non-polar compounds, oxidative stress, phenolic compounds, proteins, small fruits, toxicology
The objective of this study is to investigate the biological effects of phenolic compounds extracted from the sea buckthorn berries on oxidative stress and hemostasis. The sea buckthorn (Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A. Nelson) berries are rich in flavonoids and non-polar compounds. In this study, the activity of the phenolic fraction from the sea buckthorn berries was evaluated in vitro in comparison with three phenolic compounds: isorhamnetin (compound 1) and its two new derivatives: compound 2 (isorhamnetin 3-O-beta-glucoside-7-O-alfa-rhamnoside) and compound 3 (isorhamnetin 3-O-beta-glucoside-7-O-alfa-(3”’-isovaleryl)-rhamnoside). The impact of these phenolic compounds and the phenolic fraction against the effect of the donor of hydroxyl radicals - H2O2/Fe on proteins and lipids in human plasma was measured. Additionally, the aim of the study was to determine the effect of these phenolic compounds and the phenolic fraction on various typical hemostasis parameters. Our results show that the used derivatives of isorhamnetin possess different biological properties (e.g. antioxidant, anti-platelet and anticoagulant). The tested compounds can be seen as new natural beneficial compounds to be used in prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.