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Microgrids as a resilience resource and strategies used by microgrids for enhancing resilience
- Hussain, Akhtar, Bui, Van-Hai, Kim, Hak-Man
- Applied energy 2019 v.240 pp. 56-72
- energy, management systems, models
- Microgrids are considered as a potential solution to deal with major power disruption events due to their ability of islanding and potential to sustain the penetration of renewables. In order to elaborate the role of microgrids in enhancing the resilience of power systems, a three-step analysis is carried out in this paper. In the first step, the general backgrounds of resilience in power systems are presented, which comprise of disaster modeling, resilience analysis methods, and resilience enhancement efforts by different regions. In the second step, the use of microgrids as a resilience resource is analyzed, where formation of microgrids, networked microgrids, and dynamic microgrids along with resiliency of multi-energy networks are explored. In the third step, the strategies utilized by microgrids for enhancing their resilience during major outage events are analyzed. These strategies include proactive scheduling, outage management, feasible islanding, and advanced operation strategies for reducing the impact of major disruptions. The classification of these operation strategies is based on the event occurrence and clearance times. In addition, the resilience strategies used by different types of microgrids, types of energy management systems, communication resilience, and resilience of individual components in microgrids are also analyzed. Finally, research gaps in the existing literature and future directions for improving the available resilience-oriented operation methods for enhancing the resilience of microgrids are presented.