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Electronic Structure and Optical Properties of Designed Photo-Efficient Indoline-Based Dye-Sensitizers with D–A−π–A Framework

Roy, Juganta K., Kar, Supratik, Leszczynski, Jerzy
Journal of physical chemistry 2019 v.123 no.6 pp. 3309-3320
density functional theory, dyes, electric potential, models, moieties, optical properties, photostability, pyrazines, semiconductors, solar cells, spectral analysis, titanium dioxide
Seven D–A−π–A-based indoline (IND) dyes that were designed via quantitative-structure–property relationship modeling have been comprehensively investigated using computational approaches to evaluate their prospect of application in future dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). An array of optoelectronic properties of the isolated dye and dyes adsorbed on a TiO₂ cluster that simulates the semiconductor were explored by density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT methods. Light absorption spectra, vertical dipole moment, shift of the conduction band of semiconductor, excited state lifetime, driving force of electron injection, photostability of the excited state, and exciton binding energy were computed. Our study showed that the presence of an internal acceptor such as pyrido[3,4-b]pyrazine (pyrazine) would influence greater the open circuit voltage (VOC), compared to the benzothiadiazole moiety. Considering the balance between the VOC and JSC (short circuit current) along with the all calculated characteristics, the IND3, IND5, and IND10 are the most suited among the designed dyes to be used as potential candidates for the photo-efficient DSSCs. The present study provides the results of rational molecular design followed by exploration of photophysical properties to be used as a valuable reference for the synthesis of photo-efficient dyes for DSSCs.