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An epidemiological investigation of porcine circovirus 3 infection in cattle in Shandong province, China

Wang, Wei, Sun, Wenchao, Cao, Liang, Zheng, Min, Zhu, Yilong, Li, Wenjie, Liu, Cunxia, Zhuang, Xinyu, Xing, Jialiang, Lu, Huijun, Luo, Tingrong, Jin, Ningyi
BMC veterinary research 2019 v.15 no.1 pp. 60
Porcine circovirus, Porcine circovirus-3, amino acid sequences, capsid, cattle, cattle diseases, circular DNA, dermatitis, epidemiological studies, genes, genotype, inflammation, kidney diseases, mutation, nucleotide sequences, pathogenesis, phylogeny, polymerase chain reaction, seroprevalence, swine, viruses, China
BACKGROUND: Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) is a single-stranded, closed circular DNA virus, which causes porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS), multisystemic inflammation, and reproductive failure. The present study aimed to investigate the seroprevalence of PCV3 in cattle (Bos taurus) in Shandong province, China, and examine its genome diversity. RESULTS: PCR amplification and sequencing showed that 74 of 213 bovine samples (34.7%) were positive for PCV3. Among them, the capsid gene (n = 12) and the complete genome (n = 4) were sequenced. These sequences had high identities to the reference capsid gene (98.0–100%) and the complete genome (97.5–99.8%). The PCV3 strains were classified into two different genotypes (PCV3a and PCV3b), according to phylogenetic analysis based on the complete genome and capsid gene sequences. Specifically, the bovine-origin strains in this study were grouped into PCV3a, showing a close relationship with PCV3-US/SD2016 (American strain; GenBank: KX966193.1). Notably, a comparison of the inferred amino acid sequences revealed a mutation from D124 to Y124. CONCLUSION: This was the first seroprevalence and genetic investigation of PCV3 in cattle in Shandong province, China. The results could provide insights into the epidemiology and pathogenesis of this important virus.