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Characteristic of adsorption cadmium of red soil amended with a ferromanganese oxide-biochar composite

Zhou, Qiwen, Liao, Bohan, Lin, Lina, Song, Zhengguo, Khan, Zulqarnain Haider, Lei, Ming
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.5 pp. 5155-5163
adsorbents, adsorption, arable soils, biochar, cadmium, decontamination, pH, pollution, remediation, risk, soil acidification, soil amendments, soil quality, sorption isotherms, temperature
The increasing scarcity of arable land necessitates the development of effective decontamination techniques to re-gain contaminated areas and make them suitable for agricultural and other activities. Herein, we prepare a ferromanganese binary oxide-biochar composite (FMBC) and compare its potential for remediating Cd-contaminated red soil with that of biochar (BC), showing that (i) the obtained adsorption data are well described by the Langmuir model and (ii) Cd adsorption capacity increases with increasing adsorbent dosage. Specifically, the Cd adsorption capacity of FMBC-amended soil (6.72 mg g⁻¹) is demonstrated to significantly exceed that of BC-amended red soil (4.85 mg g⁻¹) and that of the control (2.28 mg g⁻¹) and increases with increasing temperature and pH, while the results of instrumental analyses indicate that Cd sorption on the soil surface occurs via the formation of CdO and Cd(OH)₂. Thus, FMBCs are concluded to play an important role in the adsorption of Cd, having the potential to prevent red soil acidification and improve soil quality, and are found to be promising remediation materials for mitigating the risks posed by Cd-contaminated red soil.