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Fast screening of aflatoxins in dairy cattle feeds with CE‐LIF method combined with preconcentration technique of vortex assisted low density solvent–microextraction

Gao, Jing, Wang, Jing, Wu, Chengxin, Hou, Fujiang, Chang, Shenghua, Wang, Zhaofeng, Pu, Qiaosheng, Guo, Ding, Fu, Hua
Electrophoresis 2019 v.40 no.4 pp. 499-507
aflatoxin B1, alfalfa, bran, cattle feeds, corn, dairy cattle, electrophoresis, fluorescence, micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography, screening, seeds, ultraviolet radiation
Aflatoxin contamination in agricultural products poses a great threat to humans and livestock. The aim of this study was to establish a simple, rapid, highly sensitive, and inexpensive method for the simultaneous detection of aflatoxin B₁, B₂, G₁, and G₂ in agricultural products. We used a vortex assisted low density solvent–microextraction (VALDS‐ME) technique for sample preconcentration and sample detection was achieved with a CE‐LIF method. Aflatoxins were separated in an uncoated fused‐silica capillary with the MEKC mode and were excited by a 355 nm UV laser to produce native fluorescence for detection. The obtained LOD and LOQ for the four aflatoxins were in the range of 0.002–0.075 and 0.007–0.300 μg/L, respectively, and the analysis time was within 6.5 min. Using the established method, aflatoxins were screened in naturally contaminated dairy cattle feed samples including alfalfa, bran, and corn kernel. The result shows that the alfalfa and bran samples were contaminated with aflatoxins to varying degrees. Compared with other analytical techniques for aflatoxin screening in agricultural products, this CE‐LIF method combined with VALDS‐ME preconcentration technique is simple, rapid, highly efficient, and inexpensive.