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O-GlcNAc Site Mapping by Using a Combination of Chemoenzymatic Labeling, Copper-Free Click Chemistry, Reductive Cleavage, and Electron-Transfer Dissociation Mass Spectrometry
- Ma, Junfeng, Wang, Wei-Han, Li, Zengxia, Shabanowitz, Jeffrey, Hunt, Donald F., Hart, Gerald W.
- Analytical chemistry 2019 v.91 no.4 pp. 2620-2625
- binding proteins, biotin, cycloaddition reactions, dissociation, disulfide bonds, electron transfer, enzymes, mass spectrometry, models, moieties, post-translational modification, reducing agents, synthetic peptides
- As a dynamic post-translational modification, O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification (i.e., O-GlcNAcylation) of proteins regulates many biological processes involving cellular metabolism and signaling. However, O-GlcNAc site mapping, a prerequisite for site-specific functional characterization, has been a challenge since its discovery. Herein we present a novel method for O-GlcNAc enrichment and site mapping. In this method, the O-GlcNAc moiety on peptides was labeled with UDP–GalNAz followed by copper-free azide–alkyne cycloaddition with a multifunctional reagent bearing a terminal cyclooctyne, a disulfide bridge, and a biotin handle. The tagged peptides were then released from NeutrAvidin beads upon reductant treatment, alkylated with (3-acrylamidopropyl)trimethylammonium chloride, and subjected to electron-transfer dissociation mass spectrometry analysis. After validation by using standard synthetic peptide gCTD and model protein α-crystallin, such an approach was applied to the site mapping of overexpressed TGF-β-activated kinase 1/MAP3K7 binding protein 2 (TAB2), with four O-GlcNAc sites unambiguously identified. Our method provides a promising tool for the site-specific characterization of O-GlcNAcylation of important proteins.