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Chemical fractions and response of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) to soil applied boron

Padbhushan, Rajeev, Mandal, Jajati, Kumar, Sunil, Kumar, Amarjeet
Journal of plant nutrition 2019 v.42 no.5 pp. 491-500
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis, alluvial soils, bioavailability, boron, cauliflower, crop yield, equations, plant response, soil separates
The present study was conducted with an objective to estimate the distribution of boron (B) application in various soil fractions and their plant response for assessing the availability in the soil. Two soils (alluvial and red soil) and five levels of B (0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 mg B kg⁻¹ soil) were applied in the pot experiment, and pots were sown with cauliflower (Sabour Agrim) arranged in a completely randomized block design (CRD) with three replications. Result showed that the curd yield of cauliflower increased significantly upto 2 mg B kg⁻¹ soil irrespective of soils. The percent yield increase was 14.78 and 15.01 in alluvial and red soil over the control, respectively. The initial total B content was 35.88 (alluvial soil) and 15.51 (red soil) mg·kg⁻¹. The mean content of Fraction I, II, III, IV and V in alluvial soil was 1.11, 1.54, 0.65, 1.49, and 95.18% and in red soil was 2.68, 4.47, 6.62, 2.50, and 83.59% of the total soil B, respectively. For changes in amount of B fractions due to B applications there was significant effect on all the fractions except Fraction II. The increase in apparent B uptake was 0.43 mg B kg⁻¹ in alluvial soil and 0.25 mg B kg⁻¹ in red soil over the control (0 mg B kg⁻¹ soil). Regression equation of yield and B fractions showed the relationship between first four fractions to the yield. Residual fraction was found to be collinear during calculation. Overall the study predicted the bioavailability and dynamics of B in the two distinct soils.