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Comparative serum proteome analysis reveals potential early pregnancy-specific protein biomarkers in pigs

De, Ankan, Ali, Mohammad Ayub, Chutia, Tukheswar, Onteru, Suneel Kumar, Behera, Parthasarathi, Kalita, Girin, Kumar, Sudarshan, Gali, Jagan Mohanarao
Reproduction, fertility, and development 2019 v.31 no.3 pp. 613-631
biomarkers, blastocyst, blood proteins, blood serum, coagulation, complement, gene expression regulation, glutathione, inflammation, lectins, mass spectrometry, pregnancy, pregnancy diagnosis, protein composition, protein synthesis, proteome, swine
In this study, the comparative serum proteome profile of Day 5, 12 and 16 of gestation, representing three early embryonic events, namely formation, elongation and implantation of blastocysts, and non-pregnant control were explored by a label-free quantitation-based mass spectrometric approach to identify early pregnancy biomarkers in pigs. A total of 131 proteins were identified with respect to different groups, out of which 105 were found to be differentially expressed proteins (DEPs). Among the DEPs, 54 and 66 proteins were found to be up and downregulated respectively in early pregnancy groups (fold change >2) and the maximum number of upregulated proteins was observed in the Day 12 pregnancy stage. Functional classification and pathway analysis of the DEPs revealed involvement of most of the proteins in complement and coagulation cascades, metabolic processes and immune and inflammatory responses. Proteins such as glutathione peroxidise (GPX), pregnancy zone protein (PZP), thrombospondin-1 (THBS1), α-1-antitrypsin (AAT) and mannose-binding lectin C (MBLC) were differentially expressed during early pregnancy and actively involved in different pregnancy-related activities. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on comparative serum protein profiling of different early pregnancy stages in pigs and our results provide a set of proteins that can be used as potential biomarkers for early pregnancy diagnosis in pigs.