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Poly(ethylene oxide)/Ag ions and nanoparticles/1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate composite membranes with long-term stability for olefin/paraffin separation

Author:
Jeon, Hyunsik, Kang, Sang Wook
Source:
RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.9 pp. 4771-4775
ISSN:
2046-2069
Subject:
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, asymmetric membranes, ions, nanosilver, olefin, polyethylene glycol, propane, propylene, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetry, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy
Abstract:
A poly(ethylene oxide)(PEO)/AgBF₄/1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (HMIM⁺BF₄⁻) composite membrane that exhibits long-term stability was prepared for olefin/paraffin separation. The membrane was prepared by simply adding AgBF₄ and HMIM⁺BF₄⁻ to a solution of PEO. Long-term stability testing showed that the separation performance of the membrane is maintained for ≈100 h owing to the Ag NPs formed in the membrane, which are olefin carriers, being stabilized by HMIM⁺BF₄⁻. In terms of separation performance, the PEO/AgBF₄/HMIM⁺BF₄⁻ composite membrane exhibited a propylene/propane selectivity of 11.8 and a mixed-gas permeance of 11.3 GPU. We also investigated the factors that determine separation performance by comparison with a PEO/AgBF₄/1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (BMIM⁺BF₄⁻) composite membrane. The PEO/AgBF₄/HMIM⁺BF₄⁻ composite membrane was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, FT-IR spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and Raman spectroscopy.
Agid:
6312573