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Growth characteristics of the novel goose parvovirus SD15 strain in vitro

Zhang, Jinyue, Liu, Peng, Wu, Yuanyuan, Wang, Mingshu, Jia, Renyong, Zhu, Dekang, Liu, Mafeng, Yang, Qiao, Wu, Ying, Zhao, Xinxin, Zhang, Shaqiu, Liu, Yunya, Zhang, Ling, Yu, Yanling, You, Yu, Chen, Shun, Cheng, Anchun
BMC veterinary research 2019 v.15 no.1 pp. 63
Anseriform dependoparvovirus 1, allantoic fluid, apoptosis, beak, cytotoxicity, ducks, dwarfing, eggs, fibroblasts, financial economics, fluorescent antibody technique, geese, harvesting, intestines, liver, poultry feeding, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, signs and symptoms (animals and humans), tongue, vaccines, viral load, viruses, China
BACKGROUND: Short beak and dwarfism syndrome (SBDS) was caused by novel goose parvovirus (NGPV)--a variant of goose parvovirus (GPV). Ducks infected with NGPV shows clinical signs including growth retardation and protrusion of the tongue from an atrophied beak. SBDS outbreak was first reported at the northern coastal provinces of China during 2015 and it was again reported in Sichuan, an inland province of China in 2016. The disease caused a huge economic loss in Chinese duck feeding industry. RESULTS: The SD15 strain of NGPV was isolated from liver and intestinal tract tissue samples of infected ducks. Real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to estimate viral load in embryonated eggs and cells infected with adapted virus. The data showed that duck embryo fibroblasts (DEFs) were permissive to NGPV, while goose embryo fibroblasts (GEFs) cells were not, and the copy numbers of SD15 in the allantoic fluid of infected eggs remained at 10⁵.⁰–10⁶.⁵ copies/ml. The adaption procession of the virus was determined via qPCR, and viral proliferation was detected through indirect fluorescent antibody assay (IFA) in DEFs. It was further determined that viral copy numbers peaked at 96 h post-inoculation (hpi), which is the best time to harvest the virus in DEFs. Cytotoxic effects and cell death were observed at 72 hpi in SD15 infected DEFs, yet SD15 did not induce apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: The growth characteristics of SD15 strain of NGPV determined would be beneficial for further molecular characterization of these viruses and develop potential vaccines if required.